octubre 30, 2017 2 lectura mínima

 We have long known that investing in maternal and child health care means investing in a better future for individuals, families, countries, and the world. In response, the United Nations in 2000 dedicated 3 out of 8 Millennium Development Goals to specifically address issues affecting women and children. These included MDG3, to promote gender equality and empower women; MDG4, to reduce child mortality; and MDG5, to improve maternal health. While the number of women dying during childbirth decreased significantly during the MDG era, maternal death rates are still way too high and concentrated in low- and middle-income countries.

In September 2015, in order to address the MDG’s shortcomings related to maternal and child health care, world leaders alongside the UN General Assembly launched Every Woman Every Child Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health (EWEC Global Strategy). This movement focuses on local collaborative efforts and engagement of many different stakeholders to prioritize meeting the needs of some of the most disadvantaged and marginalized women, children, and adolescents. EWEC Global Strategy aims to address many different determinants of health so that this population can not only survive, but also will thrive and go on to transform their local and global community for the better.

The first objective is Survive, aimed at ending preventable deaths. Goals include

  • Reducing global maternal mortality to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
  • Reduce newborn mortality to less than 12 per 1000 live births in every country
  • Reduce under-5 mortality to less than 25 per 1000 live births in every country

The second objective is Thrive, aimed at ensuring health and well-being. Goals include

  • End all forms of malnutrition and address the nutritional needs of children, adolescent girls, and pregnant and lactating women
  • Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive healthcare services and rights, including family planning
  • Achieve universal health coverage

The third objective is Transform, aimed at expanding enabling environments. Goals include

  • Eradicate extreme poverty
  • Ensure all girls and boys complete primary and secondary education
  • Eliminate all harmful practices, discrimination and violence against women and girls
  • Achieve universal access to safe and affordable drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene

These are ambitious goals, but too important to our future to ignore. Since EWEC Global Strategy was launched, international partners have pledged over 600 commitments and more than $45 billion USD has been contributed to help maternal and child health care. People everywhere are recognizing its importance and in response, stepping up.

By Vivian Shih

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