January 2012: A 2011 study by PATH for four ambu-bags and their comparative advantage for use by midwives in Indonesia found relatively small differences between the four products including the Tekno-Tube. Because it is made locally it is the preferred device for Indonesia.
March 2012: The Tekno Tube device is manufactured in Indonesia and available for a cost of $9 US from Frontiers for Health.
This device was developed out of the need for cheap, effective ways to save newborns in post-Tsunami Aceh, Indonesia. The bag valve mask is an essential device for resuscitation of newborns suffering from asphyxia. Before the Tekno-tube, midwives in Aceh used the gold standard, a disposable $30 device--both too expensive and too wasteful for the setting. The Tekno-Tube is a $9 alternative that provides a reusable solution that is manufactured locally. A plastic tube connects to a simple mask, allowing a midwife to blow into a baby's mouth for resuscitation.
From the Mass General Hospital News:
In Aceh, Kris Olsen realized that by and large, the primary health providers for expectant mothers-- local midwives -- could not afford to purchase or replace any medical tools that were to be used relatively infrequently and for a one-time use. One tool, in particular, the bag valve mask, helps to resuscitate asphyxiated newborns. At $30 each, the bag valve mask was too expensive for midwives to have on hand in cases of newborn asphyxiation, and often babies who simply needed a little assistance in taking their first breaths would die. Olson and his team realized that there was a critical need for a low-cost resuscitation device that was both inexpensive and reusable.
Considering these factors, Olson discovered a locally manufactured, reusable alterative to the bag valve mask. At only $8 each, the Tekno-Tube-- a plastic tube with a small mask fitted on one end-- allows the midwife to safely blow into the baby’s mouth and help it breathe if asphyxia presents at birth. To promote the adoption of the Tekno-Tube by the Aceh midwives, Olson and his team established a simple yet comprehensive and successful training program. Nearly 500 midwives have been trained and have the opportunity to take refresher training every four months.
Posting from the CIMIT (Center for Integration of Medicine & Innovation Technology):
CIMIT Global Health Initiative Program Leader Kristian Olson honored with President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, Michael Bloomberg and others in Scientific American 10 - Guiding Science for Humanity. This award recognizes ten individuals who have demonstrated exceptional leadership and accomplishment in applying new technologies and biomedical discoveries for the benefit of humanity. President Barack Obama is recognized for implementing policies to encourage scientific research; and Bill Gates and Michael Bloomberg for their teamwork in building a global antismoking initiative. Dr. Olson has done extensive work overseas including work in Aceh, Indonesia, Darfur, and the Thai-Burmese border. Part of Dr. Olson's work as CIMIT GHI's program leader focuses on implementing simple, effective devices in poor countries. These devices take advantage of local resources to create sustainable medical technologies where the device acts as a catalyst for training and builds local capacity. Among the projects recognized by Scientific American is the 'Car Part' Incubator, a neonatal incubator where all the replaceable parts are made from locally available material in poor countries such as car parts. Another major initiative initiated by Dr. Olson and his Global Health Initiative collaborators is a training program in Indonesia to teach midwives how to use a low-cost, simple resuscitator for asphyxiated newborns. By training midwives how to teach others to use a commercially available tube and mask device called the Tekno-Tube, more village based midwives can help save newborns; asphyxia causes 1 million neonatal deaths annually world wide.
BOSTON (Oct. 14, 2009)-- Utne Reader names three Boston residents as visionaries who are making their individual marks on the world. Nawal Nour, Kristian Olson and John Wilbanks are among 50 people the magazine has included in its November-December issue, on newsstands Oct. 20. During her OB/GYN residency, Sudanese native and Macarthur fellow Nour developed a center for African women who have been circumcised. She continues to run that reproductive health care organization, African Women’s Health Center, in Boston. As the program leader for the CIMIT Global Health Initiative, Olson works to improve the effectiveness of health care providers in low-income areas of the world by combining local customs with sustainable technologies and thorough training. Wilbanks serves as executive director for Science Commons, a member of the Creative Commons organization. The group works to facilitate the sharing of scientific work and resources more widely to spur innovation and create greater opportunities for discovery. “Each of the inventors, environmentalists, media activists and community organizers we chose to celebrate this year are fueled by an inexhaustible desire to serve the greater good. Labors of peace, love and justice are rarely celebrated these days, and given the many challenges facing our world, it was exciting to give readers 50 reasons to believe in a brighter future,” says David Schimke, Utne Reader’s editor in chief.
Learn more about Kris Olson here.