August 19, 2015
Malaria is the most destructive parasitic illness, by many accounts, but the second most is much less well-known. Schistosomiasis [shis-tuh-soh-mahy-uh-sis] infects over 250 million people. It is a common in areas with stagnant water where the where the parasitic flat-worms can enter even unbroken skin and take up residence in a host. The flat worms then produce thousands of eggs per day that can overwhelm the host’s organs. The disease itself is effectively treated with praziquantel but reinfection can occur quickly. This is a disease desperate for a vaccine.
August 02, 2015
Simple color coded devices for triage always come first on our list at Maternova. In humanitarian settings a quick, lightweight band to wrap around an arm and make a referral decision is a lifesaver. ### MUAC tapes used to screen pregnant women As mentioned in a prior blog post, MUAC tapes are used to assess the malnutrition status of pregnant women. The mid upper arm circumference has been shown to correlate well with Body Mass Index (BMI) and the MUAC does not change much over the course of a pregnancy. Overall the measure indicate protein reserves. Though there is not a firm consensus on the cutoff value, studies have used a range from 21 cm to 23.5 cm for pregnant women in a humanitarian setting. ### MUAC tapes can predict low birth weight babies
July 14, 2015
##Dosificación de medicina antirretroviral a recién nacidos dentro del Programa de Prevención de Transmisión Materno Infantil de VIH de Fundación VIHDA y Hospital Maternidad Sotomayor Luego de estudios y comparaciones con otros métodos de administración de medicinas realizadas por Fundación VIHDA de Ecuador y Duke University de EEUU desde 2012 a 2015, el Pratt Pouch se muestra como una opción de gran exactitud y de mayor facilidad a la hora de dispensar los antirretrovirales líquidos a los niños recién nacidos en las dosis correctas y con una óptima conservación del contenido.
July 08, 2015
### How can severe malnutrition be determined locally? Severe malnutrition can readily be determined without scales, with minimal training and with objective accuracy. The mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) has been endorsed and recommended as a reliable screening tool for acute malnutrition. It is an easy and objective measurement that can be followed over time. An important update to this MUAC approach is a recent study that proves even minimally trained persons can use the inexpensive color coded bands to measure a small child or infant’s arm circumference.
0 COMMENTS MUAC | malnutrition | pregnant women
July 07, 2015
[Pratt Pouches](http://maternova.net/pratt-pouch-home-based-hiv-prevention-neonates) have been in the development for over three years. This foilized pouch is a medical device designed to improve the delivery of antiretroviral therapy to newborns. #### Who developed these pouches? Robert Malkin and the engineers at the Developing World Healthcare Technology Laboratory at Duke University’s Pratt School of Engineering saw a need and sought to find a medically effective, simple and cost effective solution to an ongoing dilemma in the fight against HIV. Ironically, the class originally set out to look at failure (why ARV dosing devices were failing) and they ended up creating a solution #### What so difficult in giving ART to newborns?