The Zika virus is taking the world by storm lately. Miami, Florida is in the spotlight for being a literal hotbed of daily cases of new infections, with other Southern states reporting rapid growth of risk areas. Despite their efforts to thwart this pernicious insect, we’re seeing it spread much more quickly than anyone imagined. But is Zika the only bite that matters? Can mosquitoes transmit other vector-borne illnesses just as dangerous? The answer is a resounding yes. Maternova, Inc. has partnered with Alessandra Gold to develop the only cutting edge line of fashionable protective apparel. But NovaVeil’s purpose goes far beyond Zika. In fact, there are a number of mosquito-borne diseases that deserve your attention. This is the mosquito guide to dengue, chikungunya, malaria, and Zika.
Dengue and Chikungunya
Dengue and Chikungunya is carried by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. The mosquitos breed in still water, and most common bite times are early morning and late afternoon. Both are present in the Caribbean, parts of Central and South America, Australia, Southeast Asia, and Africa. Typical symptoms include fever, rash, nausea, vomiting, and body pain; severe cases can lead to intense pain and possibly death. In pregnancy, dengue is more likely to develop to a severe case, but this is rare and can be prevented with treatment. There is a greater risk of complications in pregnancy such as pre-eclampsia, hemorrhage, and pre-term birth. It is unknown if a mother can transmit dengue during birth, but the risk is thought to be low. The best thing for pregnant women with dengue to do is get to a hospital, as most of the risks can be treated or managed by medical professionals. Maternova has a CE marked rapid diagnostic to identify people carrying both viruses.
Malaria is transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitos. Bites most often occur during the night. Transmission is most common in Sub-Saharan Africa, and also occurs in parts of South and Southeast Asia, as well as South America. Malaria generally brings high fevers, chills, and a flu-like illness. It can be a fatal disease, but severe illness and death are usually preventable with treatment. The effects of malaria in pregnancy vary greatly based on geographical area and the intensity of the disease. These effects are generally more severe in low-transmission settings where women have little acquired immunity. This is associated with increased risk for anemia, stillbirth, pre-maturity, and low birth weight.
The effects of Zika on pregnancy are overall quite terrifying. Zika is spread by Aedes mosquitos (Ae. Aegypti and Ae. Albopictus), which are active during the day. Transmission is most active in Central and South America, the Caribbean, and islands in the Indian Ocean. In many cases, people with Zika will not display symptoms or will only show mild flu-like symptoms, but it has been linked to Guillan-Barré syndrome, a rare disease in the nervous system, which can also be fatal for both men and women. Zika is the biggest mosquito transmitted threat to pregnant women and their unborn babies. In pregnancy it can cause microcephaly and other severe brain defects, as well as eye defects, hearing loss, and impaired growth. With many women not receiving prenatal care prior to the end of the first trimester, It's recommended that pregnant women avoid Zika-transmission areas if possible, or take extra care to protect against mosquito bites. Perhaps with some protective apparel... like NovaVeil. What are you waiting for? Contact us today to get on the list to purchase amazing apparel than can save your life – literally