The United Nations recently concluded its Sustainable Development Summit of 2015. At this summit, new [Sustainable Development Goals] (https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html) were approved- 17 strong! If you don't know the history and the origins of these goals in the 1990 Millennium Development goals, at first glance these 17 new long term focus areas appear to be stand alone development plans. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals are a plan to eliminate poverty.
One of our recent customers was the Traffina Foundation. Like some other groups we so admire, this non-profit was entirely conceived of, developed and run by a female obstetrician from Nigeria. And the funds that finance the non-profit are largely raised from donations by Nigerians. Traffina has created an enhanced birth kit-- the kind we wish we could have waved a wand and created ourselves. The birth kit includes the usual clean razor, cord clamps and plastic sheet but also misoprostol (to prevent postpartum hemorrhage) and chlorhexidine (a new gel for better cord care). Through careful sourcing, research and production the team has already distributed over 6000 birth kits. Demand in Northern Nigeria is immense.
The Maternova team is reposting this compelling four-part series by Dr. Harman Boparai with the persmission from Global Pulse
In 2005, India launched the largest conditional cash transfer program in the world with its Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) initiative. JSY, which roughly translates to “Safe Motherhood Scheme”, provides cash payments to pregnant women who deliver in public medical facilities, as well as the women health workers or ASHAs who accompany them. JSY was established in response to India’s persistently high rates of maternal and neonatal mortality, which account for approximately 20% and 31% of the worldwide totals.
Let’s sum it up simply—to save mothers we need to manage postpartum hemorrhage, eclampsia and sepsis. To save newborns it’s: breastfeeding, antenatal care and close management of hypothermia and pneumonia. During October’s MH Buzz Meeting, Dr. Zulfiqar A. Bhutta of Pakistan’s Aga Khan University drove home the value of simple, evidence-based interventions for maternal and newborn health and the work out of Aga Khan.
Misoprostol is part of the WHO’s List of Essential Medicines for the prevention of post-partum hemorrhage (PPH). In addition, multiple studies have proven that misoprostol is a safe, effective alternative for oxytocin. But to date, very few countries have established nationwide misoprostol programs.
Anemia is associated with postpartum hemorrhage-- but why? For the non-clinical elements among us, we seek to break down this issue a little further. 45% of women worldwide are anemic, roughly half of them due to iron-deficiency anemia caused by inadequate iron in the diet. Pregnancy puts a high demand on iron stores, and women who have had multiple pregnancies and perhaps began in a slightly anemic state are further depleted with each pregnancy. Thus a woman facing labor in a moderately or severely anemic state may be at greater risk from excessive blood loss.
J-PAL has gotten a lot of attention for its unique approach to development interventions. They use the scientific randomized control trial (RCT) to test behavioral and community-based solutions and thus far have implemented or are in the process of implementing 280 of them. The group is known for their work on school attendance and teacher attendance. They have also covered such interventions as providing free eyeglasses to children in China and evaluating primary school performance (it helps) and providing microcredit in Morocco (it helped expand livestock but did not translate into enterprises).
Transport of women in labor is one of the 'three delays' that often cost women their lives. In more remote areas of the Philippines with mountainous terrain and rural villages maternal mortality is much higher than the national average. Simple hammocks strung from a bamboo pole are part of an approach that is making a difference in a first-of-its-kind project in Ifugao, The Philippines. The ayod is a traditional Philippine transport hammock for sick people that actually looks like about as comfortable a way to travel over mountainous terrain as one could find short of a helicopter.
Sepsis is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality and morbidity, but we don't often dig much more deeply to really understand its causes and its consequences. In a layperson's terms, sepsis is essentially an infection in the bloodstream. In maternal sepsis, usually bacteria in the genital tract causes infection which can enter the bloodstream, cause high fever and eventually organ failure, shock and death.