Given the importance of postpartum hemorrhage as a cause of death for women worldwide, we are interested in just about any discipline that tackles the issue from a new perspective. Though we've asked a lot of questions about postpartum hemorrhage and its etiology (the medical/scientific reason it happens; [see a former blog post here] (http://maternova.net/blog/what-causes-postpartum-hemorrhage), one question we had certainly never thought to ask was, "do other mammals and primates suffer from postpartum hemorrhage the way we humans do? It's kind of a startling question and two women, evolutionary anthropologists, recently took on. Elizabeth Abrams and Julienne Rutherford, recently had their work published in [The American Anthropologist] (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21909154)
Randomized control trials have long been considered the “gold standard” of medical research. RCTs are typically large-scale studies that randomly assign individuals to an intervention or control group in order to measure the positive or negative effects of the intervention.Their results are often regarded as irrefutable proof, for they compare how one group responds to a treatment against how an identical group fares without it.
In light of our post on J-PAL and the group’s use of randomized control trials (RCTs) to test behavioral and community-based maternal health solutions, we decided to update our readers on how more traditional, clinical RCTs are dealing with the subject of postpartum hemorrhage. What interventions have recently been shown effective in lower-income countries? What potential solutions are currently being tested that keep low-resource settings in mind?
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